A stunning pink gate dating back nearly 3,000 years has been moved from north Cairo to a new museum near the famed pyramids in Giza.
The gate is made from pink granite and bears royal etchings referring to Amenemhat I, the first king of the 12th dynasty of ancient Egypt.
It will undergo restoration before being put on display alongside Tutankhamun’s tomb in the Grand Egyptian Museum, which is set to be partially opened in 2018.
In Egyptian hieroglyphs, a cartouche is an oval with a horizontal line at the end, indicating that the text enclosed refers to a royal.
Amenemhet I ruled from 1991 BC to 1962 BC. During his reign he moved the capital from Thebes to a more central residence south of Memphis.
He started the 12th dynasty, widely considered to be a golden-age in ancient Egypt.
This gate will join thousands of other ancient Egyptian artefacts that are due to be displayed at the new museum.
The still unfinished museum at the foot of the pyramids will eventually house the collections of the current brimming museum in the city’s Tahrir Square.
It was scheduled to open in 2015, but construction has lagged as expenses mounted to more than $1 billion (£750 million) and is now scheduled to open partially in 2018.
Eventually, the vast complex will house more than 100,000 relics including the 4,500 pieces of Tutankhamun’s treasure discovered in the southern Valley of the Kings in Luxor.
A gilded bed and a funeral chariot from Tutankhamun’s tomb – discovered by British archaeologist Howard Carter in 1922 – were transferred in May, well packed in wooden containers complete with materials to protect them from both heat and vibration.
But the young pharaoh’s mummy will remain in his tomb as it is too fragile to transport.
He died at the age of 19 in the year 1324 BC after a nine-year reign.
This first set of Tutankhamun artefacts destined for the new museum includes three funeral beds, five chariots and 57 pieces of textiles.
Bas-reliefs of the pharaoh Snefru, founder of the 4th dynasty, are also among the 71 selected objects that were moved in May.
The huge GEM complex will extend over 47 hectares (116 acres) and contain some 24,000 square metres (258,300 square feet) of permanent exhibition space.
It will feature alabaster facades, and its eventual opening will relieve the pressure on the current national museum that was inaugurated in 1902 and has run out of space.
Construction of the massive new archaeological facility museum was announced in 2002.
During the uprising, looters broke into the building and several ancient treasures were damaged or stolen.
Its world-famous star attraction – literally the face of the museum – is the golden funeral mask of Tutankhamun which contains more than 10 kilos (22 pounds) of gold and precious stones.
Its opening has been postponed several times, including because of the political instability that has rocked the country.
The current rose-pink museum with its neo-classical facade was a tourist highlight before the January 2011 uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak, unleashing years of political turmoil which led to plummeting tourist numbers.
It also contains so many items that many have been kept in storage and never seen by the public.