Pharaoh: Lord of the Two Lands

LONDON - NOVEMBER 13: Detail of an exhibit on display during the press viewing of the 'Tutankhamun & The Golden Age of the Pharaohs' exhibition at the O2 Arena on November 13, 2007 in Greenwich, London, England. The ancient Egyptian treasures were last exhibited in the UK in 1972 at the British Museum, London, and viewed by 1.8 million visitors. (Photo by Gareth Cattermole/Getty Images)

The most powerful person in ancient Egypt was the pharaoh. The pharaoh was the political and religious leader of the Egyptian people, holding the titles: ‘Lord of the Two Lands’ and ‘High Priest of Every Temple’.

As ‘Lord of the Two Lands’ the pharaoh was the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt. He owned all of the land, made laws, collected taxes, and defended Egypt against foreigners.

As ‘High Priest of Every Temple’, the pharaoh represented the gods on Earth. He performed rituals and built temples to honour the gods.

Many pharaohs went to war when their land was threatened or when they wanted to control foreign lands. If the pharaoh won the battle, the conquered people had to recognise the Egyptian pharaoh as their ruler and offer him the finest and most valuable goods from their land.

LONDON – NOVEMBER 13: Detail of an exhibit on display during the press viewing of the ‘Tutankhamun & The Golden Age of the Pharaohs’ exhibition at the O2 Arena on November 13, 2007 in Greenwich, London, England. The ancient Egyptian treasures were last exhibited in the UK in 1972 at the British Museum, London, and viewed by 1.8 million visitors. (Photo by Gareth Cattermole/Getty Images)